European Markets or Christkindlmarkts Capture the Christmas Spirit

By Marion Algier – The War on Christmas verses the Spirit of Christmas Series at AskMarion – 7

“There is no ideal Christmas; only the one Christmas you decide to make as a reflection of your values, desires, affections, traditions.” — Bill McKibben “Make sure your children have traditions to remember and build on!”

Beginning December 1st the Christmas spirit descends on the towns and cities of Germany in the form of Christkindlmarkts featuring wooden stalls laden with, toys, pretzels, wooden decorations and baked goodies of all shapes and sizes, including stollen.


There are more than 130 places in Germany that host Christmas markets, many in Austria and some good ones in Brussels, Prague and Copenhagen all focusing on regional specialties and local flair. It has developed into an art form, with elaborate nativity displays, handcrafted wooden ornaments, and scrumptious treats that would certainly tempt Santa and his reindeer to spend a little extra time at your house.


Nuremberg and Dresden compete for the position of oldest and most famous Christmas market. And although the markets have grown into major international tourist attractions, They also draw from locals and visitors from all over Germany and neighboring countries. The Markets draw from centuries of German Christmas traditions; in a country where the Protestant Reformation took root and where the current pope was born. Some customs date back to the Middle Ages.


Dresden, boasts of the Striezelmarkt, the oldest documented Christmas market in the country, dating to 1434. It is the home of the largest “Christmas pyramid” — a 45-foot-high wood structure lit with candles that spin the tiers of the decorated pyramid.


Actual pyramid and a miniature made out of gingerbread (Lebkuchen)

The tradition for Christmas wood carving comes from the Erzgebirge, or “Ore mountains,” an old mining region south of the city that borders the Czech Republic. Nutcrackers and “smoking men” incense holders originally were created here.

The Stollen Festival is another highlight of the market, with the largest loaf of Christstollen — a buttery, spiced loaf weighing between 3 and 4 tons — which was cut here and served to visitors Dec. 4.


In Nuremberg in Bavaria, the city’s Christkindlmarkt is perhaps the most famous of all theNurnberg Christkindl in Chicago - Peter J. Schulz, City of Chicago markets, counting some 2 million visitors from Japan, the United States, China, all over Europe and elsewhere around the world every year.

They come for the Lebkuchen, a spicy gingerbread baked here since 1395, and “3 in a Weggla,” tiny Nuremberg wursts served three little sausages abreast in a bun with spicy mustard. The Christkind, an angelic or fairylike character, is the symbol of the market, and a woman with golden hair and a crown opens the market each year with her Christmas proclamation and hears the Christmas gift wishes of the children.


In Frankfurt am Main’s historical center, the Dom Roemer transforms from its post-World War II reconstruction of history into a wonderland of carousel music, bundled groups of people laughing around cauldrons of hot spiced wine called Gluehwein, and thick clusters of gingerbread hearts laden with hardened frosting.


In Aachen, bakeries offer their famous Aachener Printen gingerbread and marzipan bread. In Berlin, the 17th-century Charlottenburger Palace is brilliantly illuminated behind the market, and the Jewish Museum hosts a combined Hanukkah-Christmas market with kosher delicacies.


The popularity of the Christmas markets has spread around the world, inspiring copies in Britain, the United States and elsewhere.


Christkindlmarket ChicagoThe German American Chamber of Commerce was inspired to create a market in Chicago after Nuremberg’s Christkindlmarkt, and even has the Nuremberg’s former Christkind, Eva Sattler, an original Nuremberger, opened the market with a traditional proclamation. 

Top Christkindlmärkte in Vienna (Wien), Salzburg, Innsbruck and Linz The centrally located Salzburger Christkindlmarkt, held on the Domplatz (Cathedral Innsbruck Christmas Market in Tyrol, Austria - © 2004 | TVB Innsbruck / IAI / Saringer Square) and Residenzplatz (Palace Square), takes place in the vicinity of the city’s cathedral. The twin-towered cathedral, known locally as the Dom-Kirche, was designed Santino Solari and built between 1614 and 1657. It is one of the earliest twin-towered churches north of the Alps, and seen as one of the finest examples of early Baroque architecture. It makes a fine backdrop for tourist snaps of the Christmas market. Evening carol concerts are held on the steps of the cathedral, contributing to the seasonal atmosphere around the stalls

GERMANY’S CHRISTMAS MARKETS: Find information about hundreds of Christmas markets and other holiday events in Germany at It features a map of cities with markets with links for more information.

RDO: Six of the Best Christmas Markets in Europe

Christmas markets have been a highlight of the winter season since the Middle Ages and today they continue to light up old city centers all around Europe. Home-made food, warm mulled wine and handcrafted tree decorations and ornaments are all part of the charm along with carol singing and street musicians all adding to the festive community atmosphere. Here are six markets where you can experience the Christmas spirit to the full.

This German city has no less than four Christmas markets around the city which attract up to two million visitors during December. The city’s old cathedral is one of the most visited monuments in the country and its most famous market is the Am Dom, a bustling, candlelit market with over 150 stalls set against the backdrop of the cathedral’s spires with a towering, glowing centerpiece – the town’s Christmas tree.

A smaller market takes place on the cobbled square of the Alter Markt close by, there’s a merry-go-round, puppet theatre, Santa’s Grotto and stalls packed with gingerbread, sweets and handcrafted toys – it’s definitely one of the markets that’s most fun for children.

There are few cities more beautiful than Vienna when it snows and its Christkindlmarkt by the Town Hall is the city’s showcase Christmas market. It starts early, in mid-November, and continues to draw the crowds year after year. Millions of visitors come from all over the world to experience the magic.

During the Advent season, Vienna is ablaze with activity, including nativity displays, seasonal plays and concerts. The Christkindlmarkt stalls are lined with candied fruits, candyfloss and roast chestnuts and simple gifts such as beeswax candles; the small wooden stalls give the city a nostalgic feel of bygone times.

The first record of Dresden’s Christmas market dates back to 1434, making it the oldest one on record in Germany.

This is the place for Striezel – or Stollen which is a traditional Christmas time fruitcake now sold all over Europe and baked in the form of a loaf and dusted with icing sugar. Dresden’s residents take their Stollen very seriously and celebrate with a Stollen Festival, held on the second Sunday in December. In the 16th century, the Stollen bakers would present their handmade cakes to the local prince, who would cut them into slices with a five-foot knife and distribute them to the poor. The tradition has changed somewhat today – this year, as in the past, a 3,000 kilogram cake will be paraded around Dresden accompanied by the town’s own “Miss Stollenmadchen”, the Stollen beauty queen.

The market is pretty and old fashioned, with around 250 stalls where you can browse traditional German Christmas wares, including colorful hand-blown glass baubles from the town of Lauscha and hand-fired blue and white ceramics from Saxony.

The much-photographed Grand Place or Grote Markt in Brussels becomes center stage for its Christmas market at this time of year and it’s a good one for food gifts. Along with the mulled wine you’ll find beautifully wrapped clusters of the chocolates Belgium is famous for, hot plates of moules and Belgian speculoos which are a type of biscuit gingerbread shaped like Santa Claus.

Another attraction is The Fish Market. This transforms into the city’s Christmas ice rink; the skaters are surrounded by jugglers, street musicians and painters all sharing the festivities.

The Czech capital is beautiful any time of year, probably more so at Christmas. The city puts on plays, concerts, folk displays and its Christmas markets are family affairs, dotted in and around Prague.
While the snow shows off the city’s cobbled squares and fairytale buildings , and carol singers provide the soundtrack, visitors have rows of colorful wooden stalls to browse and explore, which sell hand-carved puppets, candles, jewelry and toys.

Another picturesque setting, this time it’s Copenhagen. This Christmas market will delight lovers of glittering lights and outdoor skating. Held in the Tivoli Gardens, the place becomes a sparkling silvery winter wonderland decked out with hundreds of Christmas trees and half a million lights. The main lake doubles as the city’s winter skating rink and there are about sixty colorfully-painted stalls, all selling locally-made porcelain, wooden dolls and typical arts and crafts.

Copenhagen’s version of mulled wine is glögg, a warm heady wine mixed with liquor and spices – perfect for those sub-zero temperatures. Sip it with some hot apple dumplings as you wander the stalls, pose for a quick pic with Father Christmas and mingle with Denmark’s famous Christmas elves – called “nisser” – all festively dressed in red.

BronnerBronner's -  The World's Largest Christmas Store

The American version of a permanent Christkindlmarkt is Bronner’s Christmas Wonderland in Frankenmuth, Michigan… which lasts year round

Christmas City, Lehigh Valley Convention & Visitors Bureau

Christmas City – Lehigh Valley Convention & Visitors Bureau

For a true Christmas vacation, there are few places as caught up in the holiday spirit as Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, aka Christmas City. Here are tips on planning a trip.

Bethlehem was founded by Moravians on Christmas Eve 268 years ago, and the city’s traditions have been rooted in Christmas ever since. There are many activities wonderful for holiday visitors, from a host of Christmas events to holiday shopping to horse-drawn carriage rides to a Christmas market.

h/t to RDO, Bronner’s and Suite 101

“Christmas–that magic blanket that wraps itself about us, that something so intangible that it is like a fragrance. It may weave a spell of nostalgia. Christmas may be a day of feasting, or of prayer, but always it will be a day of remembrance–a day in which we think of everything we have ever loved.” …Augusta E. Rundel


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About Ask Marion

I am a babyboomer and empty nester who savors every moment of my past and believes that it is the responsibility of each of us in my generation and Americans in general to make sure that America is as good or even a better place for future generations as it was for us. So far... we haven't done very well!! Favorite Quotes: "The first 50 years are to build and acquire; the second 50 are to leave your legacy"; "Do something that scares you every day!"; "The journey in between what you once were and who you are becoming is where the dance of life really takes place". At age 62 I find myself fighting inoperable uterine Cancer and thanks to the man upstairs and the prayers from so many people including many of my readers from AskMarion and JustOneMorePet... I'm beating it. After losing our business because of the economy and factors related to the re-election of President Obama in 2012 followed by 16-mos of job hunting, my architect-trained husband is working as a trucker and has only been home approximately 5-days a month since I was diagnosed, which has made everything more difficult and often lonely... plus funds are tight. Our family medical deductible is 12K per year for two of us; thank you ObamaCare. But thanks to donations from so many of you, we are making ends meet as I go through treatment while taking care of my father-in-law who is suffering from late stage Alzheimer's and my mother-in-law who suffers from RA and onset dementia as well as hearing loss, for which there are no caretaker funds, as I continue the fight here online to inform and help restore our amazing country. And finally I need to thank a core group of family, friends, and readers... all at a distance, who check in with me regularly. Plus, I must thank my furkids who have not left my side through this fight. You can see them at JustOneMorePet.
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24 Responses to European Markets or Christkindlmarkts Capture the Christmas Spirit

  1. The history of Christmas markets goes back to the Late Middle Ages in the German speaking part of Europe. The Dresden Christmas market, first held in 1434, is one of the oldest Christmas markets. It attracts between 1.5 and 2 million visitors a year and has over 250 stalls. The Bautzen Christmas market was even older, first being mentioned in records in 1384.

  2. Our German friend noted that he heard more English being spoken than German, making me wonder if I was on one of those all inclusive holidays to Tenerife . I hadn’t even noticed, but perhaps that explains the few food stalls we found at the Nuremberg Christmas Market. Eating and drinking Glühwein at Christmas Markets are a huge part of the experience for Germans (you can only see the same offerings so many times before the shopping becomes rather dull). Unfortunately food stalls were few and far in between and besides the traditional Nuremberg sausage – 3 small sausages in a bun, there wasn’t a lot of variety, which you normally find at Christmas markets. Even the potato stall was only offering potato puffers (to be explained in an upcoming post) instead of the usual three or more choices of potatoes. While the quality of the food we ate was good, we were all disappointed in the lack of choices.

  3. Idebenone says:

    The history of Christmas markets goes back to the Late Middle Ages in the German speaking part of Europe. The Dresden Christmas market, first held in 1434, is one of the oldest Christmas markets. It attracts between 1.5 and 2 million visitors a year and has over 250 stalls. The Bautzen Christmas market was even older, first being mentioned in records in 1384.

  4. gold account says:

    The history of Christmas markets goes back to the Late Middle Ages in the German speaking part of Europe. The Dresden Christmas market, first held in 1434, is one of the oldest Christmas markets. It attracts between 1.5 and 2 million visitors a year and has over 250 stalls. The Bautzen Christmas market was even older, first being mentioned in records in 1384.

  5. The Christmas Angel opens Nuremberg’s famous Christkindlesmarkt on Hauptmarkt square in the old quarter. Soak up the medieval charm and the aroma of gingerbread, Nuremberg bratwurst and glühwein. The Nuremberg Kinderweihnacht is the children’s market and has an old-fashioned carousel, Ferris wheel and steam train. The Nativity scene trail runs between the two markets.

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